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What are Corns?

A corn typically occurs on the foot. It is made of skin that has thickened as a response to pressure. Though the skin build-up is the body's way of protecting itself, when it goes on too long, the resulting corn can become painful. You can minimise and even prevent this by using the FlipNFile. If the problem is serious enough to warrant medical attention, a podiatrist is the right professional to see about getting the corn removed. Corns are, in fact, one of the most common foot problems.

What they Look like

Corns look like a cone or horn shape, directed downward into the skin. They usually appear between the toes, in which case they are soft because of the moisture present in that area, or on the outer surface of the little toe, in which case they are hard. Using a FlipNFile in your shower can prevent them from becoming increasingly painful. They can cause discomfort ranging from mild to severe, even to the point that walking is difficult. If left unattended to, they can become infected, taking on a red, inflamed appearance and causing even more pain. A doctor or podiatrist is best equipped to diagnose whether your problem is indeed a corn.

Typical Causes

Corns can develop due to pressure. Some people are more susceptible than others. The pressure can come from shoes that are ill-fitting, from foot deformities such as hammer toes or from abnormalities of gait that put pressure on certain areas of the foot. If necessary, a podiatrist can refer you to an orthotist—a professional who works on splints and braces—who can adapt a shoe to decrease pressure.

Prevention and Solution

The best way to avoid corns: Wear shoes that fit correctly and comfortably. They definitely should not be too tight. Once corns have developed, a podiatrist can cut them out. But they'll come back unless the source of the pressure is addressed. Exercising proper foot hygiene by including a FlipNFile to your personal hygiene regime, will help to prevent or minimise corns before becoming a real problem. In extreme cases, using special pads and supports within the shoes and having bony prominences removed surgically can help to prevent further problems.


Various home remedies are available for corns. They dissolve or eat the corn away. The problem is, they can also eat the normal healthy skin. This can sometimes result in ulcers and infections. In extreme cases people with bad circulation or with diabetes could end up facing amputation. Cutting the corns off yourself can also be dangerous, because this method also carries a high risk of infection. Additionally, home removal without proper follow-up care with a podiatrist yields a high likelihood that the corns will return, because the underlying issues are not be addressed.




To help you choose the best shoes, right for you, FlipNFile has some practical tips and guides you can easily follow. Realising the perfect shoes you tried on in the shop are too painful or uncomfortable to wear is the worst, this happens when shape, size or material not being correctly selected or ill-fitting. 

Socks - When buying shoes, try them on with the type of socks you think you would wear with them. Go shopping wearing them already or carry a pair in your bag.

Length - To avoid any rubbing, make sure your toes have room. Shoes should be approximately 1cm longer than your foot. Get a proper fitting. They will need to measure the length of your foot from the heel to the tip of your longest toe.

Width - At the broadest point, the shoe should be snug on your foot; this prevents chafing caused by your shoe rubbing. Make is no pressure points, if you can’t wiggle your toes, the shoes are too tight. 

Depth - If you can still flex your foot, the depth of the shoe is right if you. The upper should not put pressure on the top of your foot, especially at the tip. Pressure can cause skin irritation such as blisters, nail problems and toe cramps.

Heels - Unstable heel let your foot slide around and makes your gait unbalanced, leading to arch pain and possibly blister. The shoe should fit firmly around your heel, especially in athletic shoes.

Insole - It’s essential to choose an insole or a specialised shoe with a shaped insole that can support your foot in the right places. Removable insoles are very practical. Your foot-care professional such as Podiatrist or Orthotic specialist, can advise on your individual needs. They can be removed to put in orthotic insoles. They can also be widened to allow for foot swelling during the day.

 Lining - The shoe lining should be smooth, with no raised stitching or wrinkles; this will ensure you avoid any irritation or blisters.

Upper - It should be flexible and not restrict foot movement, whatever the material of the upper. Breathability is also important to consider, so your feet don’t overheat and produce odours. 

Sole - Try to pick shoes that protect from stones or other objects on the ground that could hurt your foot too. The material of the sole should be lightweight, durable and have a good grip.

Fastening - When possible, choose shoes with laces, Velcro or buckles, so you can adjust the fit to suit your needs. Loose-fitting footwear will cause discomfort and most likely, blisters.

Size - Try on both shoes. People’s feet can be slightly different sizes, so its best to choose shoes that suit the larger foot. Make sure you stand up as your foot widens when you put your body weight on it. By the time we reach adulthood, our feet tend to be fully developed. Our foot size and shape can still change with age, medical conditions or pregnancy. The fit and the shape of the shoe makes a difference, so it’s best to choose a comfortable fit to accommodate your foot better.

Try Before You Buy - Put them on both feet and make sure you walk around the shop with the shoes both on. Make sure they are comfortable on both feet when walking in them. 



Smelly feet can be an embarrassing and sometimes an uncomfortable topic, but learning more about it and how to manage and or prevent it can help. Anyone can get smelly feet. And I’m sure we have all had smelly feet at some point or another. 

Did you know approximately 250,000 sweat glands are in the feet? That can produce over half a litre of sweat per day in your feet alone. 


Many of us can manage smelly feet simply by washing daily and ensuring you wear a fresh pair of socks. However, for some of us, managing foot odour requires more attention. Foot health is essential, especially when you spend a lot of time in particular shoes — for example; runners or work boots, even you house slippers.

Sweating is the main cause of foot odour. Sweat is, in fact, odourless. However, the combination of shoes, sweat and or socks creates a warm, moist environment that allows bacteria on our skin to multiply; this produces a bad-smelling substance called isovaleric acid.

Isovaleric acid is a common factor contributing to foot odour. Foot odour increases when factors which can cause increased sweating. Being in shoes or socks with inadequate air ventilation for many hours can cause increased sweat. The hair on your feet can also intensify odour by adding an increased surface area, in which bacteria can thrive.

When working out and exercising, I often have my favourite pair of runners/sneakers that I also love to wear for hiking. After long hikes or workouts, our feet certainly can produce a lot of sweat.

Other factors that can also cause foot odour include a condition called hyperhidrosis, or excessive sweating. Stress, medications, fluid intake and hormonal changes can also increase the amount of perspiration your body produces.

Maintaining your feet from odour build-up may require a little more attention. A foot scrub and a foot file are beneficial, especially if you have some calcified skin that is known to hold foot odour. If you have stubborn perspiration, shoe hygiene is essential too. Try using a Bi-Carb for shoes or insoles made from activated charcoal to help eliminate bad odours.

FlipNFile is a perfect addition to anyone's shower and daily foot care routine as it reduces and prevents cracked heels, callouses AND foot odour. Also, it is excellent for hands. Add it to your daily personal hygiene regime. 

There are many easy and free natural remedies out there that can also help you battle your foot odour. When paying top dollar for shoes, I take pride in taking care of them. By using a sprinkle of baking soda/bi-carb certainly helps to soak up any sweat and neutralise any odours. 

Prevent Foot Odour Before It Starts. FlipNFile recommends the following measures to prevent foot odour:

  • Practice good foot hygiene. Wash your feet daily with warm soapy water. Use your FlipNFile in shower. Be sure to dry your feet and thoroughly between your toes.
  • Use fresh socks daily.
  • Wear cotton socks or socks that absorb moisture. Socks made of nylon or polyester, have poor ventilation and can increase and trap sweat, so it is best to use cotton.
  • Dust your feet frequently with a bi-carb or a non-medicated foot powder, especially if you suffer from excessive sweating.
  • Wear shoes made of materials that let your feet breathe like leather or canvas — no plastic shoes.
  • Avoid wearing the same pair of shoes, two days in a row. Your shoes should have at least 24 hours to air out before wearing them again. 
  • Socks absorb sweat from your feet, so always wear socks with closed shoes. 
  • Wearing shoes without socks will increase the amount of sweat and odour your feet can produce.

Please find more links below for natural remedies.

Home Remedies to Try: A standard, safe, and generally effective home remedy for preventing foot odour is to soak your feet every day in strong black tea for 30 minutes. Do this each day for a week:

Use two tea bags to a litre of water. 

Boil it for 10-15 minutes. 

Then add half a litre of cold water, and soak your feet in the lukewarm solution.

In black tea, Tannic acid is present, which kills bacteria and closes your pores. This method prevents sweating and is an easy way to keep your feet dry for a long time. 

Or you can try this:

Soak your feet in 1 part vinegar, 2 parts water. Use a FlipNFile to remove excess skin build-up and minimise foot odour.

If using some of the above tips for self-care and preventative measures for smelly feet, don’t help you, consult a professional for further advice. Persistence of this condition could be potentially due to a hereditary condition or low-grade infection, this should be addressed by a GP or foot professional, such as a podiatrist.


Easy Ways to Keep Your Shoes from Stinking - wikiHow. https://www.wikihow.com/Keep-Your-Shoes-from-Stinking

Cracked Heels


There are many reasons cracked heels can occur. Symptoms such as dry skin accumulating around your heels, or having cracked heels, toes or heel pain can cause discomfort. Knowing the causes can better help you understand the condition, and could prevent your foot health from becoming more serious. 

Different Causes

Cracked heels can form by several different causes. If you can identify anything below in your routine that may be affecting your foot health, then try altering your current routine. Find a list below of some of the most common causes that can allow cracked heels to form:

● Dryness or lack of moisture - The most common cause of cracked heels is often lack of moisture. Underneath your feet, the skin can be dry, rough or flaky; this is because of the sweat glands around your heels. Did you know, beneath the skin's surface there are fat deposits that prevent your feet from losing moisture? This can cause them to have a dry, rough and flaky surface, which also causes them to lose elasticity. 

● Deficiencies - Lack of vitamins and minerals can affect your heel health. 

● Accumulated Pressure - This is caused by spending prolonged periods on your feet standing at home or work.

● Mature and Aging skin - Over time skin loses its elasticity as we age, and as such cracks could have a higher incidence as you age. 

● Obesity - Being overweight or obese can put a lot of strain on the foot's padding underneath the heel. It causes the heel to flatten, creating extra cracks and dry crevasses around the heel or toes.

● Exposed Footwear - Open-back sandals or shoes can allow for your feet to be more exposed to weather and the elements. This can also increase the chance of cracks on your heels. Regularly taking care of your feet is essential when wearing exposing footwear.

● Hygiene - Unhygienic conditions can also cause your heels to become cracked or unhealthy.

● Water: Water can reduce natural oils from the skin; this can leave the skin rough and or dry. If you stand for prolonged periods in wet or damp areas, such as a bathroom, this can cause dry and cracked heels.

 ● Ill-Fitting: Change in walking posture or standing for a long amount of time in ill-fitting shoes can also contribute. Please refer to 'Choose the right shoes' blog for more information.

● Genetics: This is also a contributing factor to your own foot health. Naturally dry or calloused skin around the heel could be a genetic cause of cracked heels. 

How Do Cracked Heels form?  

Cracked heels, are also known as heel fissures and are a common foot condition. Depending on the severity, it can cause pain or discomfort. Pressure and dryness can lead to cracks and is often accompanied by thickened skin. Yellow or brown calluses can also build up around the heel, ball of your foot or toes. Unless they are deep and bleeding, usually the only problem with cracked heels is their appearance.

Prevent Cracked Heels

Boost foot hygiene with balms, moisturisers and or cleansers to help keep skin supple. Regularly using a FlipNFile in your shower and coupled with a good heel balm daily will greatly improve problem heels. Try it and see how your cracked heels can be improved. 

If your feet continue to cause you grief, we advise that you speak to a GP, podiatrist or dermatologist to find out if there more to it.

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